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Our sincere thanks for all those who have supplied photos, which may or may not have been as yet used. Images showing the true horrific nature of both disease and neglect are always of immense help to us and indeed the poor dogs in such need of help

MANGE

mange

Mange is a class of skin diseases caused by parasitic mites

Parasitic mites which cause mange in Dogs will either embed themselves in the skin or hair follicles of the dog, depending upon their genus.


Sarcoptes scabiei, also known as canine scabies, is a parasitic mite, an arthropod which burrows beneath the surface of the of skin of dogs and causes mange.

Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious infestation of Sarcoptes scabiei canis, a burrowing mite. The canine sarcoptic mite is also highly contagious not only to other dogs but also to humans. The mite is a tiny and usually not directly visible parasite, which burrows under the host's skin, causing intense allergic itching, inflammation of the skin and hair loss.

Although sarcoptic mites are not able to complete their life cycle on humans, they will cause severe itching until they die in two to six days.

All these burrowing mites are in the family Sarcoptidae. They burrow through the skin and cause intense, severe itching and biting of limbs affected by the sarcoptic mite, in turn becoming infected and eventually turning crusty.

Hair loss and crusting often will appear first on elbows and ears. Skin damage will occur from the dog's scratching and biting. Dogs with chronic sarcoptic mange will often be in a very poor condition, they will lose their appetites and in turn weaken their immune suppression through starvation.

When in such as weakened condition, mange will develop into a highly crusted form in which the burden of mites is far higher than in healthy specimens.

Demodex live in follicles.

mange mange

Sarcoptes  burrow into skin

Sarcoptes mange

sarcoptis mange

Demodex is a genus of the tiny parasitic mite which live in or near hair follicles of mammals. There are over one hundred species of Demodex known, and are among the smallest of arthropods.

Dogs infested with Demodex are common and usually does not cause any symptoms, although occasionally skin diseases can be caused by the mites.

Also called demodicosis or red mange. Demodectic mange is caused by a sensitivity to and overpopulation of  Demodex Canis especially if the animal's immune system is unable to keep the mites under control.

There are two types of demodectic mange, localized and generalized. Localized refers to four areas of mange or less. Most dogs are immune to Demodectic mange, however older dogs with those with a compromised immune systems are at a higher risk.

Demodex or Demodectic Mange?

mangemangemangemange

Are some dogs more prone to mange that others?

The straight answer is yes! Puppies and dogs under the age of 18 months are especially prone to developing localized demodectic mange, which will often clears up on its own.

Generalized demodectic mange can be hereditary in dogs. Old English Sheepdogs mangeand Shar Peis mangeare prone to a severe form of demodectic mange affecting the feet. Older dogs who have an underlying illness may also be more prone, which is why maintaining good health is so important.


Mange Diagnosis -Mange Treatment - Mange Resilience

Treatment for mange is widespread and covers many aspects. In addition to traditional veterinary medication, there are numerous homeopathic approaches to treating mange, it all falls down to your knowledge and preference, but DO NOT risk the well-being of your dog if you are no familiar with the ‘non traditional’ treatment, mange can be devastating, and is no time to ‘trial’ unproven methods.

****DIAGNOSIS = the most important step!!!!

If you think that your dog may have mange, or if your dog has what looks like a skin problem, take your dog to a veterinarian, who will perform various tests including a physical exam and skin scrapings to find out if your dog has mange, which type of mange it has and the appropriate treatment for the type of mange your dog may have.

This is not guess work, even the veterinarian will rely upon the use of a microscope to identify exactly which type of mange it may be. It can be difficult identify the mange mites if they’re buried deep in a dog’s skin, so your vet may also rely upon clinical signs or your dog’s history to make a final diagnosis.

Depending upon the diagnosis made by your veterinarian, the type of mange, the breed of your dog and its history, medication may be applied orally as well as topically, intravenously and also as shampoo and dip.

Shampoo will usually be involved as medical application to the skin is so important with mange.

If your dog has Sarcoptic Mange, then as this is highly contagious to other dogs and even to humans, you will need to isolate your dog to prevent the mange from spreading, something your veterinarianmange will advise on.

Your dog may prescribe your dog anti-parasitic medications, as well as medication to ease the intense itching, inflammation and secondary skin infections.

You should notice results after a week of treatment, more obvious improvements should be noticeable after a month. Some dogs suffer hair loss and skin scars together with hardening can be visually quite horrific.

mangeSometimes it becomes less than easy to even recognise a photo of a dogs head covered with mange and the open wounds so often suffered.

Medications are one major part of treating mange, treating physiological stress becomes essential when treating severe mange. Please be aware that treatment is not quick, this is a long process and will require your care and dedication.

Many skin treatments can be toxic to some dogs and should not be repeated too often, please check with your veterinarian before beginning any treatment program for mange and do follow their directions strictly.

Treatment, regardless of which options are chosen, should be accompanied by skin scrapes every two weeks. Only after 2 consecutive scrapes are negative can medication be stopped.

One month after stopping medication, one final scrape should be made to confirm that the dog is clear of mange.

Treatment

You can keep your dog healthy, well groomed and clean, this will certainly help your dog from catching mange, HOWEVER……………if your dog comes into contact with a dog suffering Sarcoptic Mange, you are unlikely to notice until the mites are well at work on your dog!!

Some will claim that a healthy dog will not catch mange, but isn't that a little like saying that your dog won’t get pregnant as you are not breeding?? A dog can catch mange just as easily as falling pregnant!!

It is said that Dogs with demodectic mange should not be bred, as this condition is thought to be hereditary.

Prevention ?

Demodectic Mange is not contagious to humans.

Dogs with demodectic mange do not need to be isolated from other dogs as it is not contagious. Demodectic mange is generally only contagious from mother to pup during suckling, after weaning it is no longer contagious from mother to pup. Most puppies will grow out of demodectic mange as their immune systems mature, although it can return if their immune system is compromised in any way.

In cases of sarcoptic mange, affected dogs need to be isolated from other dogs and their bedding, and places they have occupied must be thoroughly cleaned.  Any other dogs that come into contact with a Demodectic mange diagnosed dogs, MUST be evaluated and treated accordingly.

The dog's bedding should be discarded or regularly washed in hot water diluted with bleach until the dog is clear of mange.

Infected dogs must be isolated and monitored.

There are several medications that are effective against Sarcoptes, it is essential that you consult a veterinarian to identify the mange and specific medication for guaranteed results.

If any member of your family or any friend starts itching or develops a skin rash, get them to contact their family doctor without delay or visit their local hospital, and inform them that they may have been exposed to sarcoptic mange.

In humans, the mite cannot complete its life cycle so it will die in a few days, usually 3-5 days. However, it can cause intense itching during that time, which in acute cases can leave scarring, so medical treatment is recommended.